Readings

Part One – January 22 to February 19, 2014

Required Secondary Readings
Robert A. McCaughey, Stand,  Columbia: A History of Columbia University in the City of   
     New York, 1754 – 2004 (Columbia University Press, 2003), Chapters 1 – 4.

Richard Hofstadter, “The Great Retrogression,” in Academic Freedom in the Age of the
      College (1955),

Optional Secondary Reading
Frederick Rudolph, The American College & University: A History (1962), with
Introductory Essay by John R. Thelen (University of Georgia Press, 1990), Chs. 1 – 11.

Robert A. McCaughey, “A Usable Past: The Harvard College Rebellion of 1834,”
William and Mary Law Review Vol. 11 (1970)

Robert A. McCaughey, “The Transformation of American Academic Life: Harvard University, 1821-1892,” Perspectives in American History, Vol. VIII  (1974),  239-332.

Primary Documents  

[Hugh Peters],  New Englands First Fruits (London, 1643)

Cotton Mather to Elihu Yale, soliciting funds for the Connecticut College, November 14, 1717 — from Josiah Quincy, History of Harvard University, Vol. 1, XXXV,  p. 524

Gilbert Tennent,  The Danger of an Unconverted Ministry (1740)

William Livingston, Independent Reflector , six articles  protesting the proposed creation of an Anglican college in New York (XVII, March 22, to April 26 , 1753)

Samuel Johnson, “Advertisements of the Beginning of Tuition in the College,” May 31, 1754,  The New-York Gazette, June 3, 1754.

Jonathan Edwards to Trustees of the College of New-Jersey, October 19, 1757

John Witherspoon, Address to the Inhabitants of Jamaica, and other West India Islands, in Behalf of the College of New-Jersey (March 1772)

[John Vardill],Response to Dr. Witherspoon,  Address to the Inhabitants of Jamaica
(November 1772)

Thomas Jefferson-John Adams correspondence on “the aristocracy of talent and virtue,
TJ to JA, October 28, 1813
JA to TJ, November 15, 1813

 [Jeremiah Day] Reports on the Course of Instruction in Yale College (New Haven, 1828) [‘The Yale Faculty Report of 1828″]

Ralph Waldo Emerson, “The American Scholar — PBK Address ” 1838.

Francis Wayland, Thoughts on the Present Collegiate System (1842)

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 Part 2. The Emergence of the American University — 1861 – 1940 —                            February 20 to April 1

Required Secondary Readings
Robert A. McCaughey, Stand,  Columbia: A History of Columbia University in the City of
New York, 1754 – 2004 (Columbia University Press, 2003), Chapters 5 – 11.

Edward Chase Kirkland, “The Higher Learning,” in Dream and Thought in the Business Community, 1860-1900,(Quadrangle, 1946)  pp. 83-111.

Laurence Veysey, “The Academic Mind of Woodrow Wilson,” Mississippi Valley Historical Review (1963)

Optional Secondary Reading
Frederick Rudolph, The American College & University: A History (1962), with
Introductory Essay by John R. Thelen (University of Georgia Press, 1990), Chs. 13-22..

Robert A. McCaughey, “The Transformation of American Academic Life: Harvard University, 1821-1892,” Perspectives in American History, Vol. VIII  (1974),  239-332.

Timothy P. Cross, An Oasis of Order: The Core Curriculum at Columbia College
(Columbia College, 1995)

Required Primary Readings

Henry Adams, The Education of Henry Adams (1918) — Ch. IV., “Havard College, 1854-58,” and Ch. XX., “Failure (1871).

Charles William Eliot, “Inaugural Address upon Becoming President of Harvard Univesity,” October 19, 1869 [pages 27-65]

Daniel Coit Gilman, “Inaugural Address as Founding President of the Johns Hopkins
     University,” February 22, 1876

Henry A. Rowland, “A Plea for Pure Science,” Science, Vol. 2, No. 29 (1883), 242 – 250.

F.A. P. Barnard, President’s’ Annual Report, 1879, 1880, 1881 [“On the Higher Education
of Women”]

John W. Burgess, The American University — When Shall It Be? Where Shall It Be?
What Shall It Be? (1884)

Annie Nathan Meyer, “On Providing Higher Education to Young Women of New York
City,” The Nation, June 26, 1888

Andrew Carnegie, “The Gospel of Wealth,” North American Review, CXLVIII (June 1889)

George Santayana, “A Glimpse of Yale,” The Harvard Monthly, 1892, reprinted in James
Barlowe, ed., George Santayana’s America, 48-67

Owen Johnson, Stover at Yale (1912) [browse selectively]

Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s Student Suitewww.fdrsuite.org

William James, “The PhD Octopus,” Harvard Monthly (1903)

Letter of Charles A. Beard to President Butler, October 8, 1917

John Dewey, ‘The Future of Pacifism,”  The New Republic , October 1917

Randolph Bourne, “Twilight of Idols,The Seven Arts (October, 1917)

 

Interwar Period: Return of the College

Grantland Rice, “The Four Horsemen,” New York Herald Tribune, October 18, 1924

Documents on the “Hebrew Problem”

Barnard Bursar to Barnard Treasure, George A. Plimpton, June 20, 1906,
on excessive numbers of Hebrew students at Barnard

Frederick Keppel, “Students and Student Life [The Hebrew Problem],” Columbia (1914).

Letter of Dean Herbert Hawkes to Professor E. B. Wilson, on Columbia admissions policies with regard to Jewwish applicants, June16, 1922

Diana Trilling, “Lionel Trilling, A Jew at Columbia,” Commentary, March 1979, 40-46

Albert Einstein to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, August 2, 1939

 

Academe in “The American Century, 1945 – 1965  [April 7 to April 21]

Required Secondary Reading:
McCaughey, Stand, Columbia, chs. 12 – 15

Required Primary Readings/Sources

The Cold War University

Vannevar Bush, Science: The Endless Frontier (1945)

George Kennan to State Department, “The Long Telegram,”  February 22, 1946

Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., The Vital Center: The Politics of Freedom (1949)

McGeorge Bundy, “Review of William F. Buckley, Jr., God and Man at Yale, “

Brown v. Board of Education, 347 US 485 (1954), and especially endnote # 11

“Operation Abolition,” documentary film on the HUAC hearings in San Franciisco, May 1960

Tom Hayden, “The Port Huron Statement,” at founding of Students for a Democratic Society, 1962

John F. Kennedy, “Speech on Founders Day, University of California, Berkeley,” March 23, 1962

Clark, Kerr, The Uses of the University (1964)

Mario Savio, “Gears of Machine Speech,” December 2, 1964

Optional Reading [Read one of your choosing]

Women on the  Campus

Carolyn G. Heilbrun, When Men Were the Only Models We Had: my teachers barzun,
fadiman, trilling (U Penn., 2002)

Rosalind Rosenberg,  Changing the Subject: How the Women of Columbia Shaped the
Way We Think About Sex and Politics  (Columbia UP, 2004), esp. chs. 5 -7.

 

Columbia ’68 and all that

“Columbia University Protest” (Documentary film, 1969)

Frank da Cruz, “Columbia University 1968; A Personal Reminiscence,” (2013)

“Columbia ’68 — Plus 40,”  (2008) [Reunion of building occupiers in 2008]

The Conservative Critique

William F. Buckley, Jr., God & Man at Yale: The Superstitions of “Academic Freedom”
(1952)

Allan Bloom, The Closing of the American Mind ((1987)

Dinesh D’Souza, Illiberal Education: The Politics of Race and Sex on Campus (1991)

David Horowitz, Radical Son: A Generational Odyssey (1997)

 “Why Yale Gave the Bass $20 Million Grant [For Western Civilization Course] Back,” The Yale Herald (1995)

Affirmative Action and Its Discontents

University of California Regents v. Bakke 438 U.S. 265 (1978)

Gratz v. Bollinger 539 U.S. 244 (2003)

Grutter v. Bollinger 539 U.S. 306(2003)

Fisher v. University of Texas 570 U.S.    (2013)

Schuette v. Coalition to Defend Affirmative Action (April 22, 2014)
[Sotomayor dissent, p. 30-58]

Stephen L. Carter, Reflections of an Affirmative Action Baby  (1991)

Supreme Court justice Sonio Santomayor as a Self-Described ‘Affirmative Action Baby’ CNN

President Lee Bollinger, Statement on American Studies Association Boycott of Israeli Academics, December 2013

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