King’s College by the Numbers, 1754-1775

King’s College By the Numbers, 1754 – 1775

 

1. Students

King’s College Matriculants & Graduates, 1754 – 1775

# Entered

  Graduated

Graduated

Left w/o

Year

King’ College

 King’s College

Medical School

Graduating

1754

8

5

3

1755

7

2

5

1756

12

6

6

1757

11

3

8

1758

10

7

3

1759

4

2

2

1760

6

3

3

1761

6

4

2

1762

8

7

1

1763

10

6

4

1764

10

6

4

1765

0

0

0

1766

15

7

8

1767

9

6

2

1

1768

13

6

2

5

1769

13

6

5

2

1770

17

11

2

4

1771

14

8

0

6

1772

19

6

0

13

1773

9

1

0

8

1774

17

0

0

17

1775

8

0

0

8

226

102

11

113

All Graduates

113

50%

 

 

 

King’s College Students by Matriculation Length, 1754 – 1775

Matriculation Length

#

%

Left  during first year of matriculation

47

21%

Left during second year

48

21%

Left in third year

18

8%

Stayed for 4 years to graduate

113

50%

 

 

 

King’s College Students and Alumni by Revolutionary Politics, 1775

Political View

#

% of All

% of Known

Loyalist

117

52%

73%

Patriot

34

15%

21%

Loyalist à Patriot

2

1%

1%

Neutral

3

1%

2%

Died by 1775

4

2%

3%

Unknown

66

29%

 

All

226

100%

100%

 

2. Faculty

King’s College Faculty, 1754 – 1775 [N = 15]

Faculty  Name

Tenure

Rank

Subject

Rev. Samuel Johnson 1754-1763 President Philosophy
Samuel William Johnson 1754-1756 Tutor Greek/Latin
Leonard Cutting 1756-1763 Tutor Greek/Latin
Daniel Treadwell 1757-1760 Professor Math/Astronomy
Robert Harpur 1762-1775 Professor à Tutor Math/Astronomy
Myles Cooper 1763-1775 President Rhetoric
Samuel Clossy, MD. 1763-1775 Medical Professor Anatomy/Science
Samuel Bard, MD. 1767-1775 Medical Professor Medicine
Peter Middleton, MD 1767-1775 Medical Professor Pathology
John Jones, MD 1767-1770 Medical Professor Surgery
John V. Tennent, MD 1767-1770 Medical Professor Midwifery
James Smith, MD 1767-1770 Medical Professor Materia Medica
Rev. Charles Inglis 1771-1773 Tutor Greek/Latin
Rev. John Vardill 1771-1773 Professor-elect Philosophy
Rev. Benjamin Moore 1774-1776 Tutor/Acting president Rhetoric
       

King’s College Faculty by Religious Affiliation, 1754-1775

Religious Affiliation

#

%

Anglican

13

87%

Presbyterian*

1

7%

Quaker**

1

7%

 

All Faculty

15

100%

*Robert Harpur
** Dr. John Jones

King’s College Faculty by Revolutionary Politics, 1775

Revolutionary Politics

#

% 0f All

% of Known

Loaylists

12

80%

92%

Patriots*

1

7%

8%

Unknown

2

13%

 

Total

15

100%

100%

* Dr. John Jones

 

3. Trustees/Governors

King’s College Governors by Board Status, 1754 – 1775 [N = 59]

Board Status

#

%

Ex-Officio Appointees

   Public Officeholder

8

14%

   Designated Ministers*

6

10%

   College President

2

3%

Originally Named

21

36%

Elected

22

37%

 

All Governors

59

100%


*Anglican, Lutheran, French Calvinist, Dutch Reformed, Presbyterian [no show]

 

 

King’s College Governors by Occupation, 1754-1775

Occupation

#

%

Merchant

27

46%

Landowner/merchant

4

7%

Landowner

2

3%

Lawyer

11

19%

Minister

9

15%

Doctor

1

2%

Royal Official/Army

2

3%

Unknown

4

7%

 

 

59

100%

King’s College Governors by Revolutionary Politics, 1775

Revolutionary  Politics

#

%

% Known

Loyalists

27

46%

90%

Patriots*

3

5%

10%

Neutra/Unknown

5

8%

Died

24

41%

 

All Governors

59

100%

100%

* Nathanial Marston, Edward Antill, James Duane

4. King’s College Finances

Revenue Sources

1. Provincial/Public Support in Form of Income from Lotteries
Lotteries authorized in 1746, 1751 and 1753 and subsidy of £ 500 per year for 7 years, minus
the funds from these lotteries that Assembly sequestered in 1756 – £ 6000 in all to KC

2. Gifts from private benefactors raised in England and among Trinity Church communicants
Largest from Joseph Murray of  £6000, which underwrote construction of King’s College building
£10,000 in all

3. Gift of 3.5 acres of land from Trinity Church  — valued at £5000

4. Rentals of Trinity-acquired land not used as college site and of  water lots west of College acquired from NYC in 1772 — £1000

5. Tuition and Fees   — Highest of the Colonial Nine
Tuition — 25 shillings a quarter or 4 pounds a year for 600 enrollments  à  £2400 pounds
Room/Board — £ 1200

King’s College Estimated Revenues by Source, 1754-1775

Source

Amount in £

%

New York legislature

£6,000

25%

Trinity Church Land

£5,000

21%

Gifts from England + Locals

£9,000

38%

City Land rentals

£1,000

4%

Tuition and Fees

£3,000

13%

 

All Estimated revenues

£24,000

100%

 

Total Estimated Revenues, 1754 – 1775 — £ 25,000

Known Expenditures
King’s College Building — £ 10,000
Faculty Salaries
Maintenance of building
Auxiliary services

Net Result:
King’s College, with the fewest students and one of the smallest faculties in the most urban setting,  probably in the best financial circumstances of all the “Colonial Nine”  colleges on the eve of the revolution.  King’s College Governors never complained of running deficits, where half the other nine  colleges had serious financial problems.

Last updated:  December 18, 2013
ram31@columbia.edu

 

Leave a Reply