Note on King’s College

Notes on King’s College

Governance/Board of Governors
41-members allowed for in 1754 charter; operated with 20-25 active members
Ex-Officio [17]
3 Crown officials,  10 provincial officials  identified by positions (representative of Archbishop of Canterbury; NY governor, chief justice and 4 justices, atty general, speaker of assembly, mayor NYC)
and 4 ministers of major Protestant denominations:
Anglicans; Dutch Reformed; French Calvinists; Lutherans (Presbyterians boycotted)
President of college; but no faculty
Named/Elected
24 individuals identified by name – upon departure, replaced by election by sitting members

59 governors served between 1754 and 1775

King’s College Governors by Religion, 1754 – 1775 [N = 59]

Religion

#

%All

% Known

Anglicans

38

64%

68%

Dutch Reformed à Anglican

11

19%

20%

Dutch Reformed

5

8%

9%

Huguenot

1

2%

2%

Lutheran

1

25

2%

Unknown

3

5%

 

All KC Governors

59

100%

100%

 

King’s College Governors by Primary Occupation, 1754 – 1775

Primary Occupation

#

% All

% Known

Merchants

24

41%

47%

Lawyers

11

19%

22%

Ministers

9

15%

18%

Army

3

5%

6%

Gov’t official

1

2%

2%

Doctor

1

2%

2%

Landowners

2

3%

4%

Unknown

8

14%

 

All KC Governors

59

100%

 

 

King’s College Governors by Revolutionary Politics, 1754 – 1775

Politics

#

% all

% alive and known

Loyalists

26

44%

81%

Patriots

3

5%

9%

Neutral

2

3%

6%

Loyalist à Patriot

1

2%

3%

Died before 1775

24

41%

Unknown

3

5%

 

All KC Governors

59

100%

100%

 

 

Finances:

The College received substantial financial support from the province of New York in the form of the profits from four province-authorized lotteries  — Received about £3300 in all from province.

The College received substantial initial support from Trinity Church in the form of 6 acres of land used for the College and adjoining rental properties. Valu at the time, about £4500

The College received  gifts from individual benefactors, both in New York and in England (£500  from King George III) . Those of NYers Paul Richard and Joseph Murray (£8000) paid for the King’s College building.

The College charged tuition and fees to a total of some 25-30 students per annum

The College rented some of the land provided by Trinity Church for commercial use

Probably the best financed of the “Colonial Nine” colleges; most of the others owing money on their buildings and unable to charge tuitions as high as KC.

Faculty:

 

Students:
226 in all – 106 graduates; more than half left short of graduation
Mostly boys from 30-40 Trinity Church families; lived at home in the City
Boys from Dutch Reformed families the next largest constituency
Many sons of members of Board of Governors
Entered as young as 12; very few late starters (>18)
Most headed for professional or mercantile occupations
Most side with Crown in 1775

 

Last updated: February 5, 2014
ram31@columbia.edu

 

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