First Hour Exam/with answers

February 19, 2014
History 3570x/Mr. McCaughey
Ist Hour Exam


I. Short Stuff  (25 minutes)

a. Link the person, place or object in Column A with identifiers in Columns B and C (15 minutes):

Column A

Column B

Column C

1. James Davenport Dartmouth College Harvard benefactor
2. Thomas Jefferson Shepherds Tent Intellectual Indifference
3. George Whitefield Yale College Indian School
4. Robert Keayne Recovering Loyalist Old Side Presbyterian
5. Alexis de Tocqueville Anglican Itinerant revivalist in America Ist president of Columbia College
6. Eleazar Wheelock John Adams “natural aristocracy”
7. Thomas Clap Democracy in America 3rd president
8. William Samuel Johnson Boston merchant Unitarian chemist
9. Wolcott Gibbs Thoughts on Present Collegiate System Bonfires of the Vanities
10. Francis Wayland Columbia reject Brown University
11. Jonathan Edwards College of New Jersey Implicated in founding of College of Philadelphia


Column A

Column B

Column C

James Davenport Shepherd’s tent Bonfire of the Vanities
Thomas Jefferson John Adams Natural Aristocracy
George Whitefield Anglican itinerant Implicated in founding of College of Philadelphia
Robert Keayne Boston Merchant Harvard benefactor
Alexis de Tocqueville Democracy in America Intellectual indifference
Eleazar Wheelock Dartmouth College Indian School
Thomas Clap Yale College Old Side Presbyterian
William Samuel Johnson Recovering Loyalist Ist president of Columbia College
Wolcott Gibbs Columbia reject Unitarian chemist
Francis Wayland Thoughts on the Present Collegiate System Brown University
Jonathan Edwards College of New Jersey 3rd president





b. Put the following events in chronological order (10 minutes):

The Log College founding 1637
The Yale Report 1746
The Purchase of Louisiana 1839
The founding of the College of Rhode Island 1854
The opening of the Smithsonian Institution 1847
The Charter of Columbia College in the City of NY 1787
The rejection of Wolcott Gibbs by Columbia trustees 1766
George Templeton Strong’s graduation 1803
The founding of the College of New Jersey 1828
Anne Hutchinson’s banishment 1727




1637 Anne Hutchinson’s banishment
1727 The Log College founding
1746 College of new Jersey
1766 College of Rhode Island
1787 Charter of CC in City of NY
1803 Louisiana Purchase
1828 The Yale Report
1839 George Templeton Strong’s graduation
1847 Opening of Smithsonian Institution
1854 The rejection of Wolcott Gibbs


II. Mid-Size Stuff – [25 Minutes] Answer three of the following five questions  with three or four sentences each:

1. Why was Arminianism the favorite heresy of early American public officials, settled clergy and college authorities?

Arminians follow the rules set by earthly authorities; Antinomians set their own in direct contact with the powers above

2. How can one account for the most of the colonial colleges siding with those who rejected British rule in the 1770s?
Most of the religiously dissenting persuasion (i.e., not Anglicans and some anti-established religion)

3. What made the classical/fixed curriculum of early Republican colleges so resistant to all the calls for changing it?

Its economy; its ease of operations; its lack of demands on those teaching it to have specialized/advanced training; the willingness of students to go along with it.

4. How did the introduction of electives into the collegiate curriculum reduce  student power?

Broke up class combinations; made college teaching more attractive to more intellectually able men who were in better position to – and had less need to –m discipline students who chose to study with them

5. How did the governance stipulations of Columbia College in the City of New York King’s College differ from those of King’s College?
Eliminated requirement that president be an Anglican/Episcopalian;  eliminated the privileging of Anglican liturgy/prayers; eliminated state officials from ex officio positions on board; made board entirely self-perpetuating….

Part III.  [25 minutes] Critically assess one of the three following propositions, using  specific institutional instances, including King’s College/Columbia College,  to advance your argument.

1. The Great Awakening colleges, by their founding, confirmed just how far the residents of British North America had come in both their repudiation of  established religion and their espousal of religious toleration.

2. Early American colleges met no serious public need; to the contrary, they soaked up vast amounts of material resources, intellectual energy and talented personnel better deployed elsewhere.

3.  Most colleges prior to the Civil were founded to advance narrow denominational purposes, but those that survived  “the Great Retrogression” did so only by broadening their missions beyond “disciplining the mind” to include the non-sectarian advancement of  multiple forms of higher learning.

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