Secondary Bibliography on American Higher Learning to 1860

History 3570x/Spring 2014
Mr. McCaughey


The Higher Learning in America to 1860:
A Secondary Bibliography

General Accounts

Bernard Bailyn, Education in the Forming of American Society (New York: Vintage, 1960)

Jergen Herbst, From Crisis to Crisis; American College Government, 1636 – 1819   (Cambridge; Harvard University Press, 1982)

Richard Hofstadter, Academic Freedom in the Age of the College (1955)   [New edition and introduction by Roger Geiger, Transaction Press, 1996)

George W. Pierson, The Education of American Leaders: Comparative Contributions of US Colleges and Universities (New York: Praeger, 1969)

Frederick Rudolph, The American College and University (1962)
[reissued in 1990 University of Georgia Press with essay by John Thelin]

Institutional Histories of the “Colonial Nine”

Harvard College (1636)
Josiah Quincy,  History of Harvard University , 2 Vols. (Cambridge, Mass., 1840)
Samuel Eliot Morison,  The Founding of Harvard College (Cambridge, Mass., Harvard
University Press, 1927)
__________________,  Harvard College in the Seventeenth Century, 2 Vols. (Cambridge,  Harvard University Press, 1933)
___________________, Three Centuries of  Harvard, 1636-1936 (Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1936)

Margery Somers Foster, “Out of Smalle Beginnings”: An Economic History of Harvard College in the Puritan Period (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1962)

William and Mary College (1693)
Herbert Baxter Adams, The College of William and Mary (1887)
Historical Facts –

Yale College (1701)
Richard Warch, School of the Prophets – Yale College, 1701-1740 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1973)
Brooks Mather Kelley, Yale: A History (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1974)
Edmund S. Morgan, Gentle Puritan: A Life of Ezra Stiles, 1721-1795 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1962)        [Stiles  was president of Yale, 1778-1795]

Princeton [College of New Jersey] (1746)
Thomas J. Wertenaker, Princeton, 1746-1896 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1946)
Mark A. Noll, Princeton and the Republic, 1768-1822 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1989)
Richard A. Harrison, Princetonians, 1769-1775: A Biographical Dictionary (Princeton: Princeton
University Press,  1980)
“A Short History of Princeton”  –
Columbia College  [King’s College] (1754)
David C. Humphrey, From King’s College to Columbia, 1746-1800 (New York; Columbia
University Press, 1976)
Robert A. McCaughey, Stand, Columbia: A History of Columbia University in the City of
              New York (New York: Columbia University Press, 2003)

“A Brief History of Columbia University –

University of Pennsylvania   [College of Philadelphia] (1755)
Edward Potts Cheney, History of the University of Pennsylvania, 1740-1940
(Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1940)

“History of U Penn” –

Brown University [College of Rhode Island] (1764)

Walter E. Bronson, The History of Brown University, 1764-1914 (Providence: Brown
University Press, 1914)
“Our History” –

Rutgers University [Queen’s College] (1766)
Richard P. McCormick, Rutgers: A Bicentennial History (New Brunswick, Rutgers University Press, 1966)

“Rutgers Timeline” –

Dartmouth College (1769)
Leon B. Richardson, History of Dartmouth College (Hanover: Dartmouth College Press, 1932)

“Dartmouth History” –


Colleges of the Revolutionary Era – 1750 to 1800

Richard Hofstadter, America at 1750: A Social Portrait (New York: Alfred Knopf, 1971)
Beverly McAnear, “College Founding in the American Colonies, 1745-1775,” Mississippi Valley
Historical Review, 42 (1955), 24-44
_______________, “The Raising of Funds by the Colonial Colleges,”  MVHR, 38 (1952, 591-612
________________, “The Selection of an Alma Mater by Pre-Revolutionary Students,” Pennsylvania
Magazine of History and Biography, 73 (1949), 429-440

Douglas Sloan, The Scottish Enlightenment and the College Ideal (New York: Teachers College
Press, 1971)
David W. Robson, Educating Republicans: The College in the Era of the American Revolution
(Westport; Greenwood Press, 1985)
J. David Hoeveler, Creating the American Mind: Intellect and Politics in the Colonial College (Lanham,
Md., Rowman & Littlefield, 2002)


King’s College and Early Columbia Personages [1750 – 1850]

Samuel Johnson (1696-1772) – first president of King’s College (1754-1762]
Joseph J. Ellis, The New England Mind in Transition: Samuel Johnson of Connecticut, 1696-1772
(New Haven: Yale University Press, 1973)
Norman S. Fiering, “President Samuel Johnson  and the Circle of Knowledge,” William and Mary
Quarterly 28 (1971), 199-236.

John Jay (1746-1829) [King’s College student, 1760-1764, graduate]
Richard B. Morris, John Jay: The Making of a Revolutionary (New York: Harper & Row, 1975)

Robert  R. Livingston (1746-1813) [King’s College, 1761-1765, graduate]
George Dangerfield, Chancellor Robert Livingston, 1746 – 1813 (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1960)

Gouverneur Morris (1752-1816)  [King’s College 1764-1768, graduate]
Mary Jo Kline, “Gouverneur Morris and the new nation, 1775-1788,” New York: Columbia University Dissertation,  1970.

Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804)    [ KC student 1773-75, special graduate]
James Thomas Flexner, The Young Hamilton: A Biography (Boston; Little, Brown, 1978)

Samuel Latham Mitchill (1764-1831) – Columbia College science professor, 1792-1801
Robert C. Hall, Scientist in the Early Republic: Samuel L. Mitchill, 1764-1831 (New York: Columbia
University Press, 1934)

William Samuel Johnson (1727-1819) – 3rd president of Columbia College (1787-1800)
Elizabeth P. McCaughey, From Loyalist to Founding Father; The Political Odyssey of William Samuel
Johnson, 1727-1819 (New York; Columbia University Press, 1980)
James Renwick (1790-1863) – Professor of Physics and Applied Science, 1820-1853
Edwin Layton, “Mirror-Image Twins: The Communities of Science and Technology in 19th-Century
America,”  Technology and Culture, Vol. 12, No. 4 (October 1971), 562-580;

Ante-Bellum Colleges and the Higher Learning  [1800-1860]

David F. Allmendinger, Paupers and Scholars; the Transformation of Student Life in Nineteenth-Century
New England (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1975)
Colin Burke, American Collegiate Populations: A Test of the Traditional View
(New York, NYU Press, 1982)
John S. Whitehead, The Separation of College and State: Columbia, Dartmouth, Harvard,
        and Yale, 1776-1876 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1973)
Roger L. Geiger, ed., The American College in the Nineteenth Century (Nashville: Vanderbilt University
Press, 2000)

Ante-Bellum College Histories [1800-1860]
Harvard cont’d
Robert A. McCaughey, Josiah Quincy: The Last Federalist, 1772-1864 (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974)         [Quincy was president of Harvard, 1829-1845]

__________________, “The Transformation of American Academic Life: Harvard University, 1821-1892,” Perspectives in American History, Vol. VIII (1974),  239-332.

Ronald Story, The Forging of an Aristocracy: Harvard & the Boston Upper Class, 1800-1870 (Middletown:
Wesleyan University Press, 1980)

Williams College – founded 1793
Frederick Rudolph, Mark Hopkins and the Log: Williams College, 1836-1872 (New haven: Yale University Press, 1956)

University of Virginia  — founded in 1819
Virginius Dabney, Jr., Mr. Jefferson’s University (Charlottesville, University of Virginia Press, 1981)

Amherst College – founded 1821
Thomas Le Duc,  Piety and Intellect at Amherst College, 1866-1912 (New York: Columbia University
Press, 1946)

Wesleyan University – Founded 1831
David B. Potts, Wesleyan University, 1831-1910: Collegiate Enterprise in New England (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992)

Oberlin College – founded 1833
John Barnard,  From Evangelism to Progressivism at Oberlin College, 1866-1917 (Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 1969)
Published Primary Sources Relating to King’s College and Early Columbia College

Milton Klein. ed., The Independent Reflector, by William Livingston and Others (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1963)  [On the opposition to the founding of King’s College]

Herbert and Carol Schneider, eds., Samuel Johnson, President of King’s College: His Career and Writings, 4 Vols. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1929)

Allan Nevins and Milton Halsey Thomas, The Diary of George Templeton Strong, Vol 1. (1835-1849) (New York: Macmillan, 1952)      [Strong a most observant  student and diarist at Columbia, 1834-1838; later a trustee, 1853-1875]

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